Erasmus Plus Project 2016 in Essen – Day 1: Debate on War Guilt

It is Monday, 25th January 1919, (or is it 2016?). The world has just seen the worst war of its history. Representatives of 16 nations are gathering in Paris, France, (which looks somewhat like Essen, Germany) to establish a new world order and work out a lasting peace treaty. Important questions need to be answered now. Whose fault was it?, Should they pay for the huge damages which were caused by the fighting?, What will happen to Europe with its ancient nations?, Is there a need for new borders?. The most important question of all, however, is How can we prevent this from ever happening again?.

First Topic for Debate: War Guilt

Conference Director: Arie Boergen

Delegates from Prva gimnazija Varazdin, Croatia, and Prywatne Liceum Ogolnoksztalcace im. I.J. Paderewskiego, Poland

Delegates from Rotterdam International Secondary School, The Netherlands, and Ikast-Brande Gymnasium, Denmark


Delegates from Goetheschule Essen, Germany, with First President Nikolas Herrscher and Second President Pia Engelhard

The First Peace Conference Resolution:

Forum: Paris Peace Conference
Subject: War Guilt 
Submitter: Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Co-Submitters: Republic of China, Republic of Poland, Soviet Russia, 
Ottoman Empire, Kingdom of Belgium, Hejaz, The Brittish Empire, 
The Republic of France, The United States of America, 
The Dominion of India, The Dominion of Canada,
The Kingdom of Italy

The Paris Peace Conference,
Keeping in mind, what enormous losses both to society and economy the 
World War brought us,
Fully alarmed by how unfair the situation during the war was and 
how many innocent people have died,
Deeply convinced that the two parties 
who are to blame for this conflict 
are Austria-Hungary and the German Empire 
Recognizing awful war crimes made by these countries, 
but also many others, 
Emphasizing, that these could occur again in future,
Wishing, that such crimes never be comitted again
1) Reminds all nations that this war was unavoidable 
due to the rising hate between the countries 
and complicated alliances,
2) Recalls that Austria was reacting overly emotionally 
after the assassination of the Archduke, 
3) Condemns the German Empire, 
which attacked civilians both on the ground and the sea 
as well as the neutral states of Belgium and Luxembourg 
and used chemical weapons,
4) Demands the main punishment of the German Empire and 
the Republic of Austria,
5) Expresses its hope that the debate will be just and fair, 
6) Recognizes the Republic of Germany 
as responsible for the actions of the former German Empire,
7) Certifies that some other countries, who took part in the war, 
are also partly to blame for the outbreak of war, while not blaming: 
a) Belgium
b) Kingdom of Croats, Serbs and Slovenes
c) Kingdom of Hejaz 
d) Dominion of Canada
e) Dominion of India
f) Poland.

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