Theory of Knowledge

TOK – oder Theory of Knowledge – ist ein Teilbereich der Philosophie und ein Kernfach im IB Diploma Programme. Als fächerübergreifender Universitätsvorbereitungskurs soll  TOK kritisches Denken in den Bereichen fördern, die für ein späteres Studium in Frage kommen. Dazu gehören unter anderem Geschichte, Natur- und Humanwissenschaften, Mathematik, Kunst, Literatur und Musik.

Der Kurs widmet sich vor allem der kritischen Reflexion von Wissensfragen, wie z. B. ‘Was stellt einen guten Beweis für eine Behauptung dar?’.

Zum Lehrplan gehören drei Bereiche:

  • The core theme—Knowledge and the knower: This theme encourages students to reflect on themselves as knowers and thinkers, and to consider the different communities of knowers to which we belong.

  • Optional themes: This element provides an opportunity to take a more in-depth look at two themes of particular interest to teachers and students. The given themes all have a significant impact on the world today and play a key role in shaping people’s perspectives and identities.

  • Areas of knowledge: The areas of knowledge (AOK) are specific branches of knowledge, each of which can be seen to have a distinct nature and sometimes use different methods of gaining knowledge. In TOK, students explore five compulsory areas of knowledge: history; the human sciences; the natural sciences; mathematics; and the arts.

In Theory of Knowledge werden keine Klausuren geschrieben. Stattdessen gibt es zwei Arbeiten, die zur Beurteilung bei der IBO vorgelegt werden:

  • The TOK exhibition assesses the ability of the student to show how TOK manifests in the world around us. The exhibition is an internal assessment component; it is marked by the teacher and is externally moderated by the IB.

→ Mehr zur TOK Exhibition gibt es hier.

  • The TOK essay engages students in a more formal and sustained piece of writing in response to a title focused on the areas of knowledge. The essay is an external assessment component; it is marked by IB examiners. The essay must be a maximum of 1,600 words and must be on one of the six prescribed titles issued by the IB for each examination session.

Weiterführende Informationen:

https://www.ibo.org/programmes/diploma-programme/curriculum/theory-of-knowledge/what-is-tok/